Fertomid (Clomifene Citrate) causes an increase in the levels of hormones in the female body which control the development and release of an egg. These hormones are released from the pituitary gland in the brain and are known as follicle stimulating hormone (FSH) and luteinising hormone (LH). FSH stimulates the ovaries and LH causes the release of an egg from the ovaries (ovulation).
Oestrogen normally causes the brain to stop releasing FSH and LH following ovulation, as part of the normal menstrual cycle. It does this by acting on receptors in a part of the brain called the hypothalamus, which sends messages to the pituitary gland.
Clomifene works by blocking the oestrogen receptors in the hypothalamus. This stops oestrogen from acting on these receptors, and therefore stops the message being sent to the pituitary gland. This results in the release of more FSH and LH from the pituitary gland. The increase in these hormones increases the chances of egg development and ovulation. Clomifene is used to stimulate ovulation in women whose infertility is due to problems with ovulation.
Dosage and Administration The correct dosage will depend on your circumstances. Typically for infertile women, the dosage will be one 50mg Fertomid (Clomifene Citrate) tablet daily for the first 5 days of a menstrual cycle although . Men using Fertomid should consult their doctor about the correct dosage for their condition.
Side effects Taking Fertomid (Clomifene Citrate) may result in experiencing unwanted side effects, although it is considered rare for most people to experience these side effects. Some of the symptoms of side effects you may experience include breast discomfort, dizziness, headache, heavy menstrual periods, depression, nausea, vomiting, nervousness, restlessness, trouble sleeping.
Others may experience more serious effects. If you experience stomach or pelvic pain, vision problems, are sensitive to light, or have yellow eyes or skin after taking Fertomid then you see your doctor.
Precautions Do not take Fertomid (Clomifene Citrate) if you are pregnant or think you might be pregnant. It is thought that products containing Clomiphene can cause defects to the fetus.
Fertomid may increase your chance of having multiple births (twins, triplets etc). Talk to your doctor about the risks associated with multiple births.